Barga and its surrounding villages is home to about 9900 inhabitants and is located in the province of Lucca in Tuscany. It is the largest town of the Serchio Valley and it boasts the honorary title of “City” since 1933 due to its historical, artistic, civic and demographic importance.
It has also been recognised as one of the “Borghi più belli d’Italia” – most beautiful towns in Italy -, has been awarded the Orange flag by Touring Club Italia and is a Cittaslow, a prestigious tourism quality brand. The most important monument of the city is the imposing Duomo, a collegiate church founded before the 11th century.
Barga, Florentine exclave in the Mediavalle
The entire town was protected by about a kilometre and a half of walls with three gates: Porta Reale (aka Mancianella), Porta Macchiaia (aka Latria) and Porta di Borgo (demolished in the last century). Important figures at the service of the Grand Duchy passed through Barga: architects such as Ammannati, painters such as Giovan Battista Tempesti and potters such as the Della Robbia family and their students.
Barga after the unification of Italy
The unification of Italy caused serious economic damage to Barga leading to mass emigration to countries such as France, Germany, Russia, the United States and the United Kingdom (in particular Scotland). The poet Giovanni Pascoli lived in the village of Castelvecchio until his death in 1912. Today his house is a museum: the Giovanni Pascoli House Museum, which still retains all the original furnishings of the period.
In the final stages of World War II, Barga and the surrounding area suffered considerable loss of life and damage because the German defensive line called the ‘Gothic line’ ran through here.
- adapted from Wikipedia and La guida di Barga, A. Nardini, 2000 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barga