Tiglio is a small village on the slopes of the Apennine mountains of Barga.
Founded before the year 1000, as evidenced by a document dated 20 July 983, it was probably named after the lime tree (tiglio in Italian).
An ancient fief of the Rolandinghi, feudal lords of the parish of Loppia, its fate has always been linked to that of Barga.
Tiglio’s castle, which already existed at the time of Matilde di Canossa, often battled against Lucca.
In 1332, Barga, trying not to fall into the hands of Lucca, signed a treaty of alliance and submission to Florence and the castle of Tiglio was part of this decision.
The Lucchese did not tolerate this arrangement and sent the army of Francesco Castracane degli Antelminelli from Coreglia, a town located at the opposite side of the valley from Tiglio, along with 300 knights sent by Visconti, Lord of Milan, to conquer Barga.
initially occupied Tiglio and then set out for Barga that, with the help of the Florentines, managed to resist and drive out Castracane who retreated back to Tiglio.
When the peace treaty was signed Tiglio was returned to Barga, but its castle was destroyed as part of the exchange (1353) causing the depopulation of the village, now left defenceless, and in subsequent centuries it was exposed to small raids and looting. Towards the 15th century, a part of the population that had emigrated from Tiglio settled just below the original village, creating a new one, now known as Tiglio Basso.
The village of Tiglio Basso is about 5 km from Barga making it an ideal destination for a half-day walk in the mountains.
The ancient castle, which no longer exists, stood above Tiglio Alto near the present-day Parish Church of San Giusto while its bell tower was built over the ruins of an older tower.
Currently there are three altars in the church: Our Lady of the Annunciation, Holy Sacrament and Our Lady of the Rosary.
-Adapted from: A.Nardini, tiglio e il suo territorio, istituto storico lucchese, tip.gasperetti 1996 and contadolucchese.it
-Photo by: LigaDue, from Wikimedia.org , bargainfotografia.com